Do you live in a ‘bare’ street without front gardens? Create a facade garden, and the street will immediately look a lot greener and cozier. Moreover, such a facade garden has other advantages. So take out tile and plant in it
To the list of useful plants for your gable garden
Interest in facade gardens has risen sharply in recent years. Several municipalities even encourage its construction, and they have good reasons for this. Due to the increase in the pavement in the cities, rainwater can sink into the soil in fewer and fewer places. That’s a problem, because the more water that is absorbed by the soil, the better it is. Otherwise, it must be discharged through the – increasingly congested – sewer. Positive effects Facade gardens have more positive effects. In the city, it sometimes gets 4 to 5 degrees warmer than in the countryside. This is because buildings and asphalt absorb solar heat and release it back into the environment. This phenomenon is called heat stress or the Urban Heat Island Effect. Vegetated facades (and roofs) prevent buildings from absorbing heat.
Facade gardens also have a positive effect on air quality, as the air-purifying effect of plants contributes to the reduction of particulate matter. Finally, facade gardens with varied planting attract a variety of life forms. All kinds of animals
Find food and shelter there.
- Check with the municipality whether a facade garden is allowed and under what conditions. Check whether you have to keep the removed stones and (for tenants) whether you can attach support material to the wall.
- For tenants: ask the landlord under what conditions a facade garden is possible. For example, the landlord may require that the original situation be restored when moving.
- Determine the place and the situation: sun/shade, dry/damp, wind, etc.
- Determine the size of the planting area. If necessary, add an elevation (the partition between the pavement and the planting area). Leave ventilation grilles free.
- Think about where the excavated soil and tiles should go.
- Calculate the required amount of garden soil and the number of plants.
- Choose suitable plants. Take into account the location (sun/shade), the wind (some streets form a draft hole through which the wind blows strongly), and whether the facade garden catches a lot of rain or not. Provide variation in height, flower and leaf color, flowering time, atmosphere, evergreen or deciduous, et cetera.
- Apply any climbing supports.
- Prepare the planting area well. Dig the soil a spade deep and apply plenty of fresh garden soil.
- Water regularly during the first weeks to ensure that the plants develop well. Every spring, give some organic fertilizer pellets and cover the soil with a mulch of compost or wood chips if necessary.
- Do not plant trees or large shrubs, including espaliers. The roots can push up the pavement and damage underground cables and pipes. Espalier fruit on a weakly growing rootstock is possible.
- The house connections (cables and pipes!) And the sidewalk in the public space must not be damaged. Therefore, keep a sufficient distance from the entrance, dig carefully, and no more than a spade deep (max. 30 cm).
- The greenery must be easy to maintain and suit the situation. So don’t choose tall lush plants that will hang over the sidewalk.