The responsibility of a gardener is to maintain the beauty of the plants and trees in the garden, as well as perform a wide variety of maintenance tasks that include designing, renovating and preserving outdoor spaces, planting new trees, maintaining the machinery of the garden, perform periodic pruning and control weeds, among other things. For this, it is not only necessary to have knowledge and experience in the role, but also good gardening tools. Read on to know what is the KIT that every gardener should have.
Garden care tips
- One of the most puzzling things that can happen in your garden is when a plant becomes sick. How could it happen? Will all the plants die? How to solve that problem? The most important thing to understand about disease prevention’s something that gardeners call “the disease triangle.” The disease can only occur when three things coincide: having a plant susceptible to diseases, a pathogen and environmental conditions. If any of these things is not present, the disease will not occur, so prevention involves overcoming one of the sides of this triangle. The easiest way to limit the disease in the garden is to avoid introducing the plant.
- Do not take home a plant with rotten stems or insects that can easily spread to your healthy plants. Inspect the quality of the roots, inverting the pot and shaking the loose plant. The roots must be firm, usually white and distributed throughout the root ball. Dark or soft roots are not a good sign.
- On the other hand, not all materials in a compost pile decompose at the same rate. The remains of infected plants that have not been subjected to high temperatures for long periods of time will reintroduce possible diseases to the garden.
- Insect damage to plants is more than cosmetic. Viruses and bacteria can enter a plant through some type of opening caused by insects. Some act as a virus transport, spreading them from one plant to another. Aphids are the most common carriers and thrips have become a serious problem for producers in the last 10 years.
- Diseases can spend the winter in dead leaves and debris and attack new leaves in spring. If you are leaving foliage in the garden to create interest in winter, remove them before new growth begins in spring.
- Plants that lack nutrients are small and may be affected by leaf spots. Getting a soil test will provide you with accurate information about the levels of nutrients in the soil.
- Trimming trees and shrubs in late winter is better than waiting until spring. Pruning in late winter prevents the disease from spreading to new growth. Always use sharp tools to make clean cuts that heal quickly.
- Successful gardening is based on the use of appropriate plants for your area and site. If a shadow-loving plant such as azalea is located in full sun, it will grow badly and will be attacked by diseases and insects.
- Choose an irrigation method that limits moisture in the foliage of plants and avoids pooling the soil.
- Space the transplants to improve the air flow around the plants.
- Trim the crowded, damaged or old stems on mushroom prone plants. Divide or rearrange your plants when needed.
What tools should a gardener have and why?
- Garden gloves: this gardening tool may not be the first thing you can think of, but garden gloves are essential as they protect your hands from dirt and injuries.
- Chainsaws: if you have logs that you want to cut or a tree that you want to cut down, you must use the best chainsaws to do that job.
- Wheelbarrow: you can use it to move dirt, compost, new seedlings or piles of leaves without problems.
- Garden trowel: ideal for transferring soil to pots and planting seedlings, digging or transporting plants from or garden.
- Shovel: lift, dig or move dirt, snow, sand, gravel or coal.
- Rake: the garden equipment most used by those who have a patio, since you can clean the leaves or spread the mulch.
- Digging fork: perfect for loosening the ground.
- Hose: water your plants and the whole garden is essential.