Groei & Bloei, together with Diana Stek, selected 10 easy vegetable garden crops for you and put them in a sowing calendar. With these tips, you will really succeed! In the download at the bottom of the page, you will find the sowing calendar of these crops and you can see at a glance when, what, where, and how to sow and harvest.
1. Stem bean
- Do not sow beans too wet, too wet soil can cause the seeds to rot.
- In addition to stem beans, there are also pole beans (and they therefore need a climbing support up to 2 meters high), so pay attention to which beans you buy and sow.
- In the open ground and raised container you sow mainly in rows, in a pot you sow groups of 5 seeds, spread over the pot, at a distance of about 12 to 15 centimeters.
- Beans like moderate moisture but the plants should not dry out, it can cause a thread in the pod, among other things.
- Beans like heat and cannot tolerate frost, sow them especially after May 12th so that the soil is warm enough for the seedlings.
- Courgettes germinate within a week with sufficient heat, and they grow quickly: they cannot tolerate frost, so do not sow them before mid to late April.
- Zucchini seeds rot easily in soil that is too wet, provide only moderately wet soil and sow the large flat seeds vertically and not flat in the soil.
- Courgettes become very large plants with a large harvest; therefore they need enough space, a lot of nutrition, and a lot of moisture.
- Zucchini are pollinated by insects; the more zucchini plants and the more zucchini flowers, the greater the chance of good fertilization and high yield.
- Check every few days in the summer if you can harvest zucchini because the fruits grow very quickly and can become quite large within a few days. Even then they are still edible, for example in a soup.
- Beetroot seed is not actually a seed but a tangle of fruit; 1 such clew germinates an average of 2 to 3 seeds. One week after emergence, remove the weakest seedlings so that you are left with the strongest seedling.
- Red beets are less suitable for sowing indoors, it ensures long and thin seedlings, sow them mainly under cold glass or directly outside, which is possible from March.
- You can sow red beets directly on-site and thin out later, but you can also pre-sow beets and transplant the seedlings at the correct distance later.
- Red beets like airy soil and sufficient moisture; drought can cause the plants to continue shooting.
- If you harvest red beets, you do not cut the tops off, but you turn them off, so the beets remain firm for longer.
- Arugula can withstand the cold very well, so you can sow and harvest it over a very long period.
- Arugula likes an airy but moisture-retaining soil and a cool place, drought, and heat will ensure overshoot.
- Arugula continues to grow; when harvesting you cut off the leaves that you want to harvest, new leaves will then grow from the heart of the plants
- During flowering, you can also harvest and eat leaves, although they are slightly stronger and more bitter in taste. You can also eat the flowers.
- You cannot keep home-grown arugula for long, especially harvest them the day you eat them and keep the leaves in slightly moistened kitchen paper or in a sealed plastic bag.
- Lettuce is a light germinator; for that reason, you cover the seeds with only a thin layer of sand or vermiculite when sowing.
- Lettuce seedlings are easy to transplant; even if they are close together in a container you can first soak the soil and then carefully separate the roots/seedlings. Plant the seedlings immediately afterward and water generously.
- Do not show too much lettuce at once, it will germinate and grow quickly but cannot remain in the ground for long afterward. For that reason, you’d rather sow 10 lettuce seeds every 3 weeks than (too) many at once.
- Lettuce shoots quickly when the days are light for a long time (from the beginning of June to mid-July), which is why lettuce does best in the spring and late summer.
- You can freshen up some withered lettuce after harvest by placing the leaves in ice-cold water for 15 minutes.
- Swiss chard seeds are also actually a ball of fruit that contains 2 to 4 seeds each. After germination, remove the weak seedlings so that you are left with 1 strongest seedling.
- Swiss chard is very cold-tolerant, so you can sow it early in spring and harvest it late in the fall. Do not show her too warm, preferably not in the house but under glass or outside from March.
- Swiss chard likes sufficient moisture and nutrition and a cool place; heat and drought cause faster overshoot and a nutritional deficiency causes small, yellow leaves and a moderate harvest.
- Swiss chard continues to grow, if you leave the heart of the plant intact, you can harvest leaves from the plants several times. As a result, she gives a very good yield.
- There are varieties that are mainly grown for the thick leaf ribs, varieties that are mainly grown for the tender leaves, and there are also brightly colored varieties that are not only tasty but also remain decorative well into autumn.
7. Stem onion or spring onion
- The seeds of stalk onions take a relatively long time to germinate, sow them from March on the spot, after about 3 to 4 weeks the seeds germinate.
- Do not sow the seeds of the stem onions too close together, because that will cause a lot, but very thin and thin stem onions.
- Stalk onions like airy but moist soil and cool conditions.
- Stem onions can be harvested over a very long period, from a row of stem onions sown in March you can harvest stem onions from July to well into November. They can even tolerate some frost.
- Especially harvest the stalk onions that are thick enough and that hinder the growth of other stalk onions next to them, after harvesting the thicker stalk onions, the thinner ones that remain behind will have room to grow further.
- Basil seeds germinate quickly and the seedlings grow quickly but cannot tolerate frost; for that reason you only sow indoors from April.
- Basil likes a lot of sun and heat; it grows better in pots and containers than in the ground (the soil heats up faster in a pot than in the ground).
- Although basil likes to be sunny and warm, she likes plenty of nutrition and moisture; drying out immediately results in wilted and limp plants.
- In the summer months’ basil blooms with small lip flowers, during flowering, you can just keep picking the leaves, and the flowers are also edible.
- Basil should be harvested as short as possible before use in the kitchen. You can keep the leaves in the fridge for another day in some slightly moist kitchen paper or in a sealed plastic bag.
- Parsley cannot tolerate heat and drought very well; the leaves then turn yellow and the plants grow poorly and / or continue to shoot. Therefore, grow parsley mainly in the (semi) shade.
- Parsley seeds germinate slowly; To speed up the germination time slightly, you can soak the seeds in lukewarm water for 24 hours before sowing.
- After the (slow) germination, the seedlings also grow slowly in the first stage; that is why you prefer to pre-show parsley in pots where the seedlings can remain for a few weeks.
- Parsley is a biennial plant, under the right conditions you can harvest it all year round, well into autumn or even (mild) winter.
- Harvest parsley the stems with leaves that you need, the larger the plant, the easier it will recover and make new stems with leaves from the base.
10. Dragon marigold
- Sow the seeds of the tarragon marigold especially in pots in the front, at home in March, or under cold glass from April. When the seedlings are big enough and it is after mid-May (Ice Saints) you can plant them.
- Dragon marigolds like sun and heat and can tolerate drought reasonably well. This, in combination with its size (it does not grow higher than about 20 to 25 centimeters), makes it very suitable for pots and raised containers.
- You can eat both the leaves and the flowers of the tarragon marigold; both have a warm aniseed flavor. Because they are only small plants, it is important to set several plants for a good harvest.
- The tarragon marigold is not only tasty but also very decorative; the plants flower from July to the end of October.
- Only harvest the lanceolate leaves and / or flowers, but leave the rest of the plant intact for good growth and flowering.